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The Elements — Quick Descriptions, Uses and Occurrences

Hydrogen Helium Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon Sodium Magnesium Aluminum Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Cesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium 113 Flerovium 115 Livermorium 117 118

Element Description
Physical characteristics of
the element in its pure form.
Use or Occurrence
How it is (or was) used or where it is found.
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1 H Hydrogen explosive gas, lightest element
2 He Helium inert gas, second-lightest element
3 Li Lithium lightest metal, soft, reactive
4 Be Beryllium lightweight metal
5 B Boron hard black solid
6 C Carbon hard diamond, soft graphite
7 N Nitrogen colorless gas
8 O Oxygen colorless gas
9 F Flourine yellowish poison gas, most reactive element
10 Ne Neon inert gas
11 Na Sodium
(Natrium)
soft metal, reactive
12 Mg Magnesium lightweight metal
13 Al Aluminum lightweight non-corroding metal
14 Si Silicon hard metalloid
15 P Phosphorus glowing white waxy solid (also red and black forms)
16 S Sulfur brittle yellow solid
17 Cl Chlorine greenish poison gas
18 Ar Argon inert gas
19 K Potassium
(Kalium)
soft metal, reactive
20 Ca Calcium soft metal
21 Sc Scandium soft lightweight metal
22 Ti Titanium strongest lightweight metal, heat-resistant
23 V Vanadium hard metal
24 Cr Chromium hard shiny metal
25 Mn Manganese hard metal
26 Fe Iron
(Ferrum)
medium-hard metal, magnetic
27 Co Cobalt hard metal, magnetic
28 Ni Nickel medium-hard metal, magnetic
29 Cu Copper
(Cuprum)
colored metal, conducts heat and electricity well
30 Zn Zinc non-corroding metal
31 Ga Gallium soft metal, melts on a hot day
32 Ge Germanium brittle metalloid
33 As Arsenic brittle metalloid
34 Se Selenium brittle gray solid
35 Br Bromine dark red liquid
36 Kr Krypton inert gas
37 Rb Rubidium soft metal, reactive
38 Sr Strontium soft metal
39 Y Yttrium soft metal
40 Zr Zirconium non-corroding neutron-resistant metal
41 Nb Niobium high-melting-point non-corroding metal
42 Mo Molybdenum high-melting-point metal
43 Tc Technetium radioactive, long-lived
44 Ru Ruthenium non-corroding hard metal
45 Rh Rhodium non-corroding hard shiny metal
46 Pd Palladium non-corroding hard metal, absorbs hydrogen
47 Ag Silver
(Argentum)
soft shiny metal, conducts electricity best of all elements
48 Cd Cadmium non-corroding soft metal, toxic
49 In Indium soft metal
50 Sn Tin
(Stanum)
non-corroding soft metal
51 Sb Antimony
(Stibium)
brittle metalloid
52 Te Tellurium brittle metalloid
53 I Iodine violet-black solid
54 Xe Xenon inert gas
55 Cs Cesium soft metal, melts on a hot day, reactive, largest stable atoms
56 Ba Barium soft metal, absorbs X-rays
57 La Lanthanum soft metal
58 Ce Cerium soft metal
59 Pr Praseodymium soft metal
60 Nd Neodymium soft metal
61 Pm Promethium radioactive, long-lived
62 Sm Samarium soft metal
63 Eu Europium soft metal
64 Gd Gadolinium soft metal, best neutron absorber, magnetic
65 Tb Terbium soft metal
66 Dy Dysprosium soft metal
67 Ho Holmium soft metal
68 Er Erbium soft metal
69 Tm Thulium soft metal
70 Yb Ytterbium soft metal
71 Lu Lutetium soft metal, densest and hardest rare earth metal
72 Hf Hafnium non-corroding metal, absorbs neutrons
73 Ta Tantalum high-melting-point non-corroding metal
74 W Tungsten
(Wolfram)
highest-melting-point metal, dense
75 Re Rhenium high-melting-point dense metal
76 Os Osmium non-corroding high-melting-point hard metal, densest element (same as Ir)
77 Ir Iridium non-corroding hard metal, densest element (same as Os)
78 Pt Platinum non-corroding dense metal
79 Au Gold
(Aurum)
most malleable element, dense non-tarnishing colored metal
80 Hg Mercury
(Hydrargium)
liquid metal, toxic
81 Tl Thallium soft metal, toxic
82 Pb Lead
(Plumbum)
dense, soft, non-corroding metal, toxic
83 Bi Bismuth low melting point, brittle metal
84 Po Polonium radioactive, long-lived
85 At Astatine radioactive, short-lived
86 Rn Radon radioactive gas, short-lived
87 Fr Francium radioactive, short-lived, atoms larger than cesium
88 Ra Radium radioactive, long-lived
89 Ac Actinium radioactive, long-lived
90 Th Thorium radioactive, long-lived
91 Pa Protactinium radioactive, long-lived
92 U Uranium radioactive, long-lived, dense
93 Np Neptunium radioactive, long-lived
94 Pu Plutonium radioactive, long-lived
95 Am Americium radioactive, long-lived
96 Cm Curium radioactive, long-lived
97 Bk Berkelium radioactive, long-lived
98 Cf Californium radioactive, long-lived
99 Es Einsteinium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
100 Fm Fermium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
101 Md Mendelevium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
102 No Nobelium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
103 Lr Lawrencium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
104 Rf Rutherfordium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
105 Db Dubnium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
106 Sg Seaborgium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
107 Bh Bohrium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
108 Hs Hassium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
109 Mt Meitnerium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
110 Ds Darmstadtium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
111 Rg Roentgenium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
112 Cn Copernicium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
113 Uut Ununtrium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
114  Fl Flerovium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
115 Uup Ununpentium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
116  Lv Livermorium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
117 Uus Ununseptium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
118 Uuo Ununoctium radioactive, short-lived never found in nature, no uses
(heaviest element yet made when this was written)

Note: On this chart, a radioactive element is called long-lived if the half-life of any of its isotopes is more than one year; otherwise it is called short-lived. Some super-heavy elements marked short-lived may in future be found to have long-lived isotopes (see ).


elements.wlonk.com
Keith Enevoldsen